Adding to the complexity of the situation, the dynamics of forest fires in the region is exacerbated by climate change and El Niño. Climate change has significantly altered the rainfall pattern in the Amazon, with a trend towards a reduced duration of the rainy season and an increase in the duration of the dry season, particularly in the south of the biome. Moreover, the periodic warming of sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, known as El Niño, also has a pronounced effect on weather patterns in the Amazon. This phenomenon can lead to prolonged and severe droughts, resulting in reduced rainfall and decreased water levels in rivers and streams. This affects aquatic ecosystems and leads to water scarcity for local and traditional communities, not to mention the life risk the fires impose on them. Furthermore, the drier conditions increase the vulnerability of the Amazon forest to fires, creating a vicious cycle of environmental degradation and economic disparities that often remains underreported in the national media.