Today, agriculture’s global and national context forces the whole civil society to reflect about the present and future of food production. The paradigm of what food security and sovereignty means need to be understood and put into practice beyond the talks and recommendations that are repeatedly mentioned in international forums and policies.
Despite it is embedded in the country’s constitution and stressed by several national laws and regulations, Bolivia’s food security and sovereignty is not fulfilled and seem to remain only on paper. Bolivia is and continues to be an agroextractivist country that promotes the production of commodity crops. Soybean is one of them. Transgenic soybeans occupy 35 % of the total cultivated area in Bolivia  at the expense of other more importantcropsfor the internal market and the nutrition of the population (i.e., cereals, tubers, fruits, vegetables, energizers).
Paradoxically, Bolivia imports these foods for a value of approximately US$ 773 million . In a country considered among the 11 richest countries for biodiversity, this scandal reflects how international corporations owning transgenic seeds and agrochemical products have subordinated Bolivian policies to their interests.
Unfortunately, schools and educational centers also seems to have been affected by the interests of agribusinesses , testified by a high number of students being in favor of the use of transgenic seeds and agrochemicals.
Worsened for several decades, this situation has led to food production failure and global market speculation but paved the way for a strong outburst of agroecology. The non-governmental organization PROBIOMA-PROBIOTEC is one of the institutions that has been supporting and promoting this new type of farming. Accredited by the International Network of Analog Forestry (“RIFA”), its agroecological farm established in San Luís, about 50 kilometers from Santa Cruz de la Sierra, has become an important reference for agroecological production in the Bolivian Amazon.