The Quilombola communities are made up mostly of a rural black population. The Quilombos primarily rely on family farming as their main source of livelihood, while also diversifying their income through various other activities.
The most common quilombola rural practices are agriculture, extractivism, livestock and fishing. Many communities preserve sustainable cultivation practices such as the “coivara” system . This comprises the rotation of areas for planting, allowing the recovery of the “capoeiras” (tall types of grasslands) which soon become secondary forests.
Artisanal crafts are also another vital aspect of their heritage and a secondary source of income for quilombolas. Skilled artisans create beautiful handcrafted products, that vary from sewn textiles, quilts, baskets, and pottery, using traditional techniques that have been safeguarded for centuries .